#BlackMonday

More than one day. A view on #BlackMonday

Life in South Africa is not dull.  In one week we have the passing of a struggle stalwart, the recall of the finance minister (and many others) and the disciplinary action against a provincial premier.  And we can be left with a feeling of: what just happened?

A call has come to wear black today, and to ‘down tools’ on Friday 7 April.  This social mobilisation is aimed at bringing people together to stand up against the decisions by the Executive over the last week.  Sounds noble, right?

Not everyone agrees.

When you search #BlackMonday tag on twitter, you see a range of responses.  One question is asked: why only now are people waking up to the injustice in our society?

And I don’t have an adequate response.  Why aren’t there more calls for social mobilisation across colour lines around big issues like racism, land reform, inequality, poverty, access to education and white privilege?

These are things that will last beyond the next elective conference, national elections and presidents.  Unless something changes.  And that change is not only rooted in the presidency.

If you are passionate about change for our country – it is going to take a lot more than a particular colour T-shirt and not working on a day for the change that this country needs.  Change needs to happen in our hearts and in the systems that sustain the inequality we experience.

There are multiple ways we can look at inequality.  None of them are comfortable.  According to the UN’s human development index (which looks at Income, Life Expectancy and Education level), South Africa is ranked 116th out of the 200 countries surveyed.  Pretty bad, isn’t it?  What is uncomfortable about this truth is that for the white population of this country, we are ranked 15th.  This means white people are better off than citizens of France, and the same as Sweden and the UK.  Wearing black for a day, protesting against a president alone is not going to change this.  There has to be more.

Sharlene Swartz, wrote a book entitled “Another Country”, giving excellent input into social restitution.   Her call this weekend is so powerful:

“… this is not the time for white people to be silent but I’d really like to hear them speaking about restitution and economic transformation and what they are willing to do about it rather than focus on black corruption or black consumption. I’d challenge white South Africans only to wear black tomorrow if they are committed to restitution and redistribution of wealth to black South Africans. #BlackMonday ”

White people (and I look in the mirror when I write this) – this is a time to listen.  To engage.  To discover and be reminded of the depth of despair, pain and frustration in our city and nation.  To listen for what the real issues are.  To be working beyond your own interests and seek to partner with others to address some of the broader, systemic issues that perpetuate injustice.

White people, can I ask you to speak up?  Not just to the positions of power in mass mobilisation, but also to family members?  To speak up when racial slurs are uttered?  To speak up to unjust hiring practices?  To speak up for staff being paid living wages, not minimum wages?  To speak up where you are already?  To join movements that are fighting for land reform?

Now, don’t think I am saying that white people have no place in shaping the future of this country.  You do!  The question is: how?  How do white people position themselves in the fight for a just society?  How do white people participate in lobbying for change?  This is a loaded question, and one I have to continue to grapple with.  White people, you have a part to play.  But is it at the centre?  Is it at the front?  Christena Cleveland, an African-American author and thought leader in racial reconciliation eloquently addresses this tension.  Have a look at her article here.

What does faith have to do with this?  If you are a follower of Christ, you might be asking yourself: what is the unique thing that I can bring to this scenario?  There are many, but I just want to land on one: Prayer.  Engaging the omnipotent heavenly Father of our nation.  But how should we pray?  Let us take the lead from a Psalm – a prayer for the king.  It is an example of intercession for a ruling power.   Have a look at Psalm 72:1-2,4

“Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to the royal son! May he judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with justice! May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the children of the needy, and crush the oppressor!”

Right here is how we are to be praying for our president, our premier, our mayor, our ward councillors.

Before you don a black shirt, ask yourself: are you defending the cause of the poor of the people?  Are you giving deliverance to the children of the needy?  Before you call on political powers to do these things, have you held a mirror up to your heart to recognise the journey you are on?

Let this be a time that you are provoked to more.  Tristan Pringle – a man I deeply admire titled his weekend blog: “If I had to wear black”. Read the full blog here.  One powerful excerpt I have to share – that embedded itself in my brain:

“Lord have mercy on me if I ever wear black and did nothing else to act toward making good the destruction and terrorism wrought on the people of this country. Lord help me turn this keyboard courage into action that costs me more than putting on another colour t-shirt for the day.”

Do not let the success or failure of this campaign be the end of your journey of seeking a just society.

I love God (and, yes, the hard things he calls me to do), I love The Church, I love my country, I love my local church, I love my city. I love these things too much to be pre-occupied with protecting my self-interests, my privilege and my reputation to stay the way I am.  Change for South Africa?  Count me in.  Changing my heart?  Count me in. Fighting against personal racism and systemic racism? Count me in.

Are you in for the long journey towards building a new society?


By Richard Lundie | Common Good

Comments (23)

  • Devin Stickells Reply

    Richard this is so good – thank you for the wisdom shared here! I am so challenged by the magnitude of the problem, but at the same time so hopeful that we bear witness to the answer.

    Do you have any suggestions for resources relating to land reform? It is an issue I have grappled with and believe I may have many misconceptions about – If it is a struggle worth fighting for then it is one I dearly want to be a part of, but I cannot honestly say that I support the version of ‘land reform’ that springs to mind. I trust your advice and would appreciate being able to engage with such a polarizing topic.

    04/04/2017 at 21:24
    • Richard Lundie Reply

      Hi Devin,
      Thank you for the feedback.
      The more people I talk to, the more I have an appreciation for how significant the issue of land is. And, I think, because it is so nuanced – considering the economic models proposed, the scope of the problem, and the tendency for it to become a political party thing, many people (including myself) feel disempowered as to how to engage helpfully.

      I suggest you have a look at Ndifuna Ukwazi (http://nu.org.za/) and Reclaim the City (http://reclaimthecity.org.za/why-reclaim-the-city/) as organisations pushing forward into this field. Read their sites, follow their twitter feeds and discern how you can participate.

      Hope that helps!

      05/04/2017 at 06:33
  • Sean Reply

    YES!!!

    05/04/2017 at 05:07
  • John Richards Reply

    I’m sorry – I find these articles so wonderfully hypocritical . (And that from a church. Go figure) When will you ever see a article written that “black people” need to look at themselves – and reflect on their hatred towards white people in SA? Where will you – “black people” need to reflect and maybe realize that racism is not a “white” thing.

    It will NEVER be written. Just get on the global band wagon of “white bashing” and shaming.

    Believe me – WE DO NOT LIVE BETTER THAN THE PEOPLE IN FRANCE. That is laughable. Go visit France. See how the AVERAGE person lives. They don’t have gated houses, alarms and perpetual fear of being raped and killed in their own homes. They don’t live in fear of their own government turning on them – like our government – EFF leaders openly stating its time to “Kill the boer” , just take land without payment.

    I’m so tired and sickened by the constant “white people” narrative – of we have to fix it for everybody. Maybe do a sermon on why it’s not a good idea to rape your baby in order to cure yourself of aids. That is not a “white” problem. OR maybe according to you – it probably is.

    Look at the rest of Africa – and see how the poverty looks across nations. Just because white culture is rooted in capitalism (and lets face it – for many many years also in Christianity ) as opposed to other cultures in the world – doesn’t mean white people owe other people something .

    These type of articles are part of the problem – because it plays down the complete and utter lawlessness that rules this land – the corruption – and yes – the white hatred that is amplified by our government. Who do you think feeds the millions of unemployed people in SA? Where do you think those tax grants come from? Why do you think I pay so much for my electricity and other basic services? Because we are paying for a mass of people who do not carry their own weight or add to the economy . The burden on white people is already HUGE. And now even It seems if I go to church I need to hear this BS.

    I’m sorry – but this how Social Justice – political correct preaching at white people needs to stop. Jesus was not politically correct – he was the most politically incorrect person in the world. I’m sure if he entered Common Ground these days he would have his whip in hand and start turning over the tables – just like with the Pharisees of old.

    And just to add to your comment of “white people ” need to fight for land reform. What exactly do you mean? We need to start giving our houses and land away? That is what land reform is in South Africa. Do you think my family for generations got handed land or houses? Seriously. It was bought with generations of toil – and still being paid to this day!!

    So yeah – you sir can shove that article where the sun doesn’t shine.

    05/04/2017 at 08:45
  • Richard Lundie Reply

    Thanks for reading the article, John.

    I hear your heart – that you want a country where there is more flourishing, that there is a positive future for everyone – for generations to come. I think where we differ is in how we move from here to that future. I think we can all be part of building a South Africa where we can all belong – but the change we want will have to take more than a call for “less corruption”, or a new political figurehead.

    I am not saying that the current government is not responsible for much of the inequalities we witness (and experience) today. What I am saying is that we all have a part to play in building this country. This should be informed by a sober look at our history, and the continuing impact that our past has in our present. As I have explored our history, I begin to have a greater appreciation for how we got ‘here’. Crucially, I have found that open and honest conversations with people who have suffered – and are still suffering – from apartheid laws reveal that beyond corruption, there are so many other issues that we can and should be addressing.

    Your point about hypocrisy is important. When we hold others accountable for the state of the city or country, it is key to be self-reflective and examine how our personal lives match up to what we call others to.

    Thanks for sharing your views.

    05/04/2017 at 09:31
    • John Richards Reply

      I’d love to know what you personally are doing.

      So you are a white man ( I presume) in SA. Have you opened up your house / yard for black people to share your space with ? Are you giving up your “land” willingly?

      How much of your salary are you giving to black people currently – I assume you are living off of the R3000 – R6000 salary that 70% of the country is living off – and giving the rest the black people? I mean – that’s the right thing to do I assume.

      I truly hope your own life reflects your article – and you are a man of actual conviction – instead of just spreading “white guilt”.

      The truth is simple. White people cannot fix this country. Even if all the white people in SA pooled their resources and started to give it away – it would not solve anything. (And what about the white men and women in this country that are not allowed to work in their specific fields anymore? I assume you work for the church and get your salary from mainly white tithing Christians – try applying for a job outside of that world – and see how many responses you get where you are told the position are for blacks only. If you have children – I hope you consider how their lives will be in SA – and how long you will need to support them. )

      And yes it’s not just about corruption. But in my initial response I highlighted the hypocrisy of always hammering on white people with this superbly high standard of far reaching expectations of what we need to do – while there is literally NO expectation or standard placed on the black populace of South Africa. The majority of the country. Perhaps its time for everyone to take responsibility for their own life.

      A simple example is – Penny Sparrow makes a tweet – her life is ruined. Black people can openly say on social media that they are going to kill and rape white women (I’ve seen this NUMEROUS times) without any uproar or general response whatsoever.

      The Church needs to get back to what it’s truly about. Christ. Pushing race related agendas that fits with the narrative of the extremely corrupt government is not the way to do it.

      06/04/2017 at 07:26
      • Richard Lundie Reply

        Hi John,
        I regularly grapple with the question: am I doing enough? What I have realised is that it is a journey. One doesn’t move from living ‘unjustly’ to living ‘justly’ in one day. It is more of a progression of understanding scripture, understanding context and integrating a lifestyle response that honours both of them.

        I think of how a few years ago, the concept of a living wage (as opposed to minimum wage) was not even on my radar. I had the framework of: ‘pay the going rate’ – which was a little over minimum wage. Once I started engaging with the topic, I realised that my faith called me to something more than the ‘going rate’. I wanted to be a blessing to the person in my employ. I didn’t have the cashflow at the time to make an immediate change, so over several months and years, we increased the pay to the point where it is allowing her to have more economic choice and freedom.

        This was a journey – it didn’t happen overnight. And, having been convinced about this topic, I have lobbied that our pay structure at work is examined and improved. I have been part of creating resources that help other people grapple with the living wage concept.

        Does this make me a hero? No. I don’t tell this to point at the result, I share it to point out the process.

        Just like I mentioned in the blog, the key thing that got me on this journey was listening. And then some small, steady steps in that direction. My conviction grew to the point that I made financial sacrifices to back up my convictions. And, because of the process, I don’t regret it for a single moment.

        John, I know I have a long way to go to integrate gospel-based justice into the whole of my life. I grapple with this constantly. I don’t expect to be ‘there’ yet – because my sinful heart will always get in the way. But I want to be someone who examines scripture, examines the context (with all of the complexity you have listed) I am in, and grapples with a response that is honouring to God. And, at the very least, be moving in that direction – one step at a time.

        07/04/2017 at 04:23
  • Paula Greyling Reply

    I am a Christian, I love Jesus, I love my Church, I love my family – BUT I don’t love my Country – right now.

    I was always proudly South African and NEVER a back seat politician, however, I have become engaged at what is going on in South Africa lately due to the fact that my Children are now nearing the end of High School and I have to ask myself – what next FOR THEM? What lies ahead in our beloved South Africa for our children? Our children will be treated with the same hatred and resentment that “white people” once treated black people with “back in day”.

    This for me is sad. We are not undoing but simply redoing the wrong.

    I was intently following the twitter handle #blackmonday #zumamustfall and noticed something profound – all the “white people comments” are filled with positivity that there is a glimmer of hope and that change – with good intention is so possible. HOWEVER – “black people comments” were filled with hatred, anger, threats and a sad pulling up of what happened over 20 years ago (even though it doesn’t affect them now) Some seem to love to be able to hang on to what happened long ago to justify their behavior, anger, murder etc. At some point we have to stop looking back and saying – But why didn’t you do a march for this or open a social media page for that or wear a pink shirt for cancer. etc etc. The time is now – not yesterday or tomorrow. NOW.

    Why is it that only the pale shade still want to be able to live in unity and peace? Because they know that life will genuinely be better when that happens. White people are aware that free fees has an impact, free housing has an impact, taking what does not belong to you – has an impact, murder, rape, land reform, greed, etc etc all has an impact – maybe not now – but – the wheel of life turns. Let’s not make the same mistakes as Zimbabwe where we wait for there to be NOTHING left of our beautiful South Africa before we turn around and say “OK – so how do we fix this”

    So – as a patriotic Christian South African – not because of my gender, race or current position in life, but purely because I love my Country and I want to see peace and justice prevail – will I Sir – wear my black T’Shirt, take my stand on Friday in a peaceful gathering and continue to do whatever it takes to raise awareness that #mysoulisnotforsale” Not to a white president or Mr Zuma.

    I don’t think my Jesus would want me to sit back and be passive.

    The same way I wear my Jesus T’Shirt – will be the same way I wear my black one.

    Yours in Christ
    Paula

    05/04/2017 at 09:54
    • Richard Lundie Reply

      Hi Paula,
      I can see that you are passionate about this – thanks so much for taking the time to contribute.

      I commend you for not sitting back and being passive – and taking a stand for the good of the country – for yourself and your children. My hope through this blog was to help people see that social action should continue after Friday. And that this movement catapults people into more action, from the sidelines (the back seat politicians) into the action. I truly believe that we, together, can be part of building a new South Africa, and change the trajectory we seem to be on. And I think you do too.

      05/04/2017 at 10:07
  • Bi Reply

    We have BEE legislation which addresses white privilege just ask any white male how easy it is to get a job. Then we have many who are working for all causes you mention without protesting necessarily but the reason for this protest is that it is bigger than a cause or the rand it is about a rising dictatorahip. So white people march second and don’t be too loud and don’t take the lead because of the color of your skin…sounds like racism thinly veiled and socially accepted under the guise of priviledge? I would prefer if you would not racialist this March and see it for what it is and stop ignoring the fact that our forefathers too marched against apartheid when doing so was not for their benefit and for which they got arrested… And white people dos match for fees must fall despite being threatened by fellow students. See the entire picture without a trigger happy finger reading to point it at white people at every chance we get.

    05/04/2017 at 10:46
    • Richard Lundie Reply

      Hi Bi,
      Thanks for contributing. You are right about looking at the bigger picture and history. You have well captured the complexity of the times we are in. There are so many nuances that simply cannot be addressed in one blog.

      Thank you for highlighting the role that white people played in social action (past and present). You have helped me see that I didn’t acknowledge it or recognise it. I appreciate the correction.

      05/04/2017 at 11:20
      • Guy Benson Reply

        “To join movements that are fighting for land reform…”

        Is radical land reform part of the official view of Common Ground Church? Because that will lead to the utter collapse of South Africa. Come that time, you’ll be happily blogging away about white people from Australia. I really like Common Ground but I cannot in good conscience align myself with Marxism – which goes against 2 Thessalonians 3:12.

        When they come for the land, which they will, I assume you’ll be first in line to donate what you’ve worked for. Or does it only apply to white farmers? (the people who produced the sandwich you just ate, and the dinner you’ll have with your family later.) Be careful what you wish for.

        05/04/2017 at 12:02
        • Richard Lundie Reply

          Hi Guy,
          Thanks for commenting. I’ve grappled with this topic of land. And there is no simple answer. As you say – radical land reform, in the way that it is being described in various platforms, will cause myriad of financial issues.
          That is why I am so keen to find another way. The other option presented of: “stay the way things are” seems to be leading to a ticking time bomb.

          I’m keen to see how we can use empty or underutilized land in the city for accessible housing. Eg the Athlone / Langa power station site being used for housing instead of a mall. Naturally, making this happen takes more than one individual, and so joining land reform movements, or simply sharing our voices in public participation processes can be helpful in finding a new option.
          Thanks for reading and contributing

          05/04/2017 at 12:25
  • Bi Reply

    It’s cool it takes a big person to say that so its all good. See u at the March:-)

    05/04/2017 at 11:47
  • Lezley Hansmeyer Reply

    Hi all, I am a fellow believer in Jesus Christ of Nazareth, to be honest I believe this is a much greater issue than just politics. I understand and appreciate that currently all South Africans are concerned with the state of our nation; and we are all trying our best to know the way forward; however the issues are world wide in varying degrees and forms. I humbly propose we seriously turn to the word of God and humbly and reverently consider what it says. I know that people have been saying and doing these things for decades however; one can no longer say ‘not in our lifetime’ ,The scriptures and Jesus himself warned us ‘not to be alarmed; these things would come and that be should be alert and awake.’ Jesus asked the question ‘how is it that you are able to read the weather patterns yet are unable to read the sign of the times?’ Every biblical prophecy has come true 100% The question we should be asking ourselves is how aware are we of where the human race is at, regarding these issues and biblical prophecy, and are we believing, and taking the warnings in scripture seriously enough. I propose God is on the move. It is always darkest just before dawn. We can no longer afford to be silent nor complacent in our faith. Much is happening in our world and there are trying times ahead. God is beginning to sort the sheep from the goats. I believe we have entered a new phase of world events; which are unfolding before our eyes. God is in control, He knows what He is doing; we need to take heed and decide; believing that every word of God is true. Remembering that we fight not against flesh and blood but against powers and principalities in the unseen realm. It is time for commitment, courage and faith to rise up and take our stand in Gods army. It is our individual responsibility, as soldiers of the cross of Christ, to go before God our creator, and listen to His word to us and obey his instructions. Let us be faithful servants. Much can be said, debated, agreed or disagreed upon; this is a journey we are all on; however I encourage all to sacrifice self (opinions, views, motives, past, present and future ills, and every other human reason and idea,etc) and lay it at the foot of the cross. The answers are all available to us in scripture; the question: is one honestly seeking them and prepared and equipped to face them. The Word of God says “he who has ears let him hear what The Spirit of God says to the Church.
    I wish to conclude with this: Dave Wilkerson raised these solemn questions:
    “How many of us would serve Him if He offered nothing but Himself? No healing. No success. No prosperity. No worldly blessing. No miracles, signs, or wonders.
    What if – once again we had to take joyfully the spoiling of our goods?……….
    What if – instead of painless living, we suffered cruel mocking, stoning, bloodshed, being sawn assunder?
    What if – instead of our beautiful homes and cars, we had to wander about in deserts in sheepskins, hiding in dens and caves?
    What if – instead of prosperity, we were destitute, afflicted, and tormented?
    and the only better thing provided for us was Christ?”
    Let us as Christ followers remember what our forefathers and the martyrs, of the faith did for us and who our God is. Our God reigns supreme, there is none like Him. Peace and blessings to all.

    05/04/2017 at 14:09
    • Richard Lundie Reply

      Hi Lezley,
      Thank you for taking the time to write such a long contribution. I appreciate you pointing to the eternal hope that we have. As I read, I was reminded of Psalm 46:1-3 “God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging”

      Let’s be praying that as we engage with the discontentment in our earthly reality, we’d do so with the eternal or heavenly perspective in mind.

      05/04/2017 at 14:21
  • brett fish Reply

    Great article Richard, thank you, and thank you for engaging with these things…
    And ignore the trolls. They will always be around and aren’t interested and hopefully something gets through but the people you are reaching are significant.
    Keep on
    love brett fish

    05/04/2017 at 14:39
  • Jonathan Cruise Reply

    Thanks for this thoughtful article and helpful responses to the comments Richard – I appreciate the servant leadership you are providing in these areas and in your context. Having worked in France and lived in the U.K. for many years, I’ve returned to South Africa as I simply don’t feel at home anywhere else, and I will also say that I think whites have it better here than in Europe (my parents are both British working class, who enjoyed much better lives under an admittedly skewed system than they would have in the U.K.).

    I’ve also embarked on this journey to fight personal and systematic racism wherever I find it (all too often in my own heart), and only by doing the hard work and changing ourselves can we provide any kind of meaningful example to others.

    Please be encouraged by the engagement with your team’s work, as I know I will be relying on this kind of thought leadership to guide my response to these challenging yet vital issues. Only by walking the talk can we hope to create the kind of future we desire through the next generation.

    05/04/2017 at 17:48
  • Sammy Reply

    Thank you for the article. We need these platforms to talk about our fears as South African people and some of the positive changes we can achieve if we work as one as followers of Christ.

    @Paula Greyling, The past does affect black people NOW, TODAY even those that were not directly involved. The generations of today and even those that were born after 1994. The problem with “some” white people is that you want black people to just forget and move on. There are so many untold stories! You talk about the concern you have for your children that are almost out of school. What about the millions of black kids that are also almost out of school and the truth is even with everything that is happening in our county, your children still have a better chance in the future.

    06/04/2017 at 08:57
  • Nicky Reply

    Rich, thank you for this thoughtful, well written article. So appreciate the time and heart effort you have put into processing this, and your heart for real reform, wholeness and gospel impacted community is tangible.

    06/04/2017 at 09:18
  • Joshua Reply

    Some great and challenging points, thanks Rich. I have a more radical, controversial view, which I originally posted as a comment on another thread…No matter how many people hit the streets, it is ultimately up to the ANC leadership (and membership to pressurize the leadership at branch level) to remove Zuma. The more that call is driven by white people, the less palatable it becomes for that leadership to do the right thing. The reason being that white people as a group oppose structured economic transformation (BEE), oppose quotas in sport, deny institutional racism and white privilege and minimise the lasting effects of colonialism and apartheid on black people, amongst others. How many black people changed their profile pic to a black flag or wore black on Monday? Many of the people I see with those profile pics just two weeks ago were circulating articles written by Zille in defense of her tweets on colonlialism. I get that people feel the need to do something against Zuma, action feels better than doing nothing. For me too. Sometimes in doing though we can also be undoing. I think this movement, or whatever you want to call it, is such an example, where white majority participation will ultimately undo the cause. People have every right and every freedom to participate in any protest, but we then have to accept that exercising that freedom might just get in the way of justice being served. As a black friend posted on Facebook, “White South Africa loves to lead. Take a back seat on this one.”. As a white person I will not be marching

    06/04/2017 at 20:52
  • John Puxley Reply

    Just a little reality check for people such as John Richardson above, and others who think like him. His comments about white people backing land reform being tantamount to their opening their houses etc. refer. Land reform is crucial to everyone’s survival in our country; without it, we will not have peace. The liberation struggle was not just about freedom from racial oppression and exploitation; it was about land. History is replete with evidence of this. We can use the biblical narrative of an Iraqi gentleman named Abram who was instructed by God to go to a place which was later described as “The Promised Land”. His descendants were then instructed to occupy that land and wipe out its occupants. Today, thousands of years later, the descendants of those dispossessed people are still fighting over their land and moreover, we as Christians are obliged to support the oppressors (according to Paul’s injunction). Similar events took place here over 400 years ago and the results are the same. So the issue of land and redistribution is a very serious one indeed, and the longer we justify and support the oppressor’s cause in Israel/Palestine blindly, and resist the quest for land in our own country equally blindly without taking a lesson from our northerly brethren, the tension will not go away. Justice has to include land. It’s a difficult issue, but one that cannot be ignored.
    On the issue that it’s white people’s taxes that fund our economy, that statement reflects not only a typical racist sentiment, but a glaring irony, that, if it were true, would underline the UN living standards research about France vis-a-vis South African white and black people. The truth is more that black people in the workplace greatly outnumber whites, so it would be logical to assume that their tax contribution in toto would be bigger. If that isn’t the case (because of wage disparity), and thus ignoring that injustice, the contribution of black workers in sweat alone, is a significant contributor to the national economy. Really, John, you should have packed for Perth in 1994 already; a wonderful place where the black people who weren’t murdered by the colonial settlers are a little insignificant remnant who pose no threat to anyone anymore.

    15/04/2017 at 22:46

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